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What You Need to Know about AVA’s Licensing

If you are thinking about putting a pet shop, you should be familiar with AVA’s (Agri-Food & Veterinary) licensing to make it legal. According to AVA, no person has the right to display, distribute, sell or export pets with no valid license. The license should be issued by the agency in accordance to the Animals and Birds Rules of 2004. logo

If you are curious about AVA’s licensing, you can refer to this:

Types of Animals to be Sold

AVA released a list of animals that can be sold here in Singapore. In general, dogs, guinea pigs, cats, rabbits, hamsters, mice, gerbils, sliders, chinchilla, birds, fishes, crabs, turtles and frogs.

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Licensing Requirements

There are licensing requirements for pet shops. The licensing requirements depend on the pet. It is recommended that applicants also adopt the guidelines which seek to improve the welfare of animals.

Application

If you want to apply for licensing, you can consider OBLS (Online Business Licensing Service). If you want to personally submit it, you can go to Centre for Animal Welfare and Control at Pasir Panjang Road together with your documents.

Fees

The application covers some fees. You should know that there is a non-refundable application fee. It costs S$94.50 (inclusive of GST). You should pay it upon your application. As for the annum license fee, you should pay S$126.

Grading

AVA is very keen about grading the display and keeping of animals. This is to protect the animal’s welfare. AVA has set up a grading system that will increase the standards of pet shops. The grading will be based on the pet shop’s compliance and espousing of best practices.

Do not attempt to evade the Animals and Birds Rules of 2004 or you will face the consequences.

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Hand, Foot, and Mouth Disease in Singapore

The number of cases of hand, foot, and mouth disease in Singapore in Week 45 (November 3 to 9, 2013) surged to 1,003 from just 237 cases recorded in the same period last year, latest data from the Ministry of Health (MOH) showed.

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Cause

Caused by the intestinal viruses of the picornaviridae family, hand, foot, and mouth disease is a highly contagious and viral infection that usually leads to rashes involving the hands, feet, and oral cavity.

Some of the common strains that can infect a person with hand, foot, and mouth disease include coxsackie A virus A16 and enterovirus 71 (EV-71). However, it can also be due to various strains of enterovirus and coxsackievirus. The disease is very common among babies and children and very rarely among adults.

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Spread

The virus which causes hand, foot, and mouth disease spreads through direct contact with the infected person’s mucus, saliva, or feces. The disease is very common in nursery or kindergarten schools during summer and autumn. Incubation period for the disease usually takes three to six days.

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Diagnosis

Symptoms of the disease include fever, sore throat, malaise, painful intraoral, perioral, nasal, or facial, fatigue, diarrhea, irritability, sores or blisters, rashes, and loss of appetite. The disease can only be diagnosed through visiting a physician. To date, there is still no specific treatment for the disease so disease management focuses on attaining symptomatic relief through using analgesic medications.

Infection from hand, foot, and mouth disease typically lasts within a week or so but it can also go on for a very long time. Physicians have advised that fever reducers and lukewarm baths can make the body temperature of the infected person decline.


Dengue Fever Cases in Singapore Surge

The number of cases of dengue fever in Singapore in Week 45 (November 3 to 9, 2013) surged to 401 from 99 cases recorded in the same period last year, latest data from the Ministry of Health (MOH) showed. Otherwise known as breakbone fever, dengue fever is an infectious disease brought by dengue virus transmitted by various mosquito species that is within the genus Aedes, particularly the Aedes egypti.

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Symptoms

Some of dengue’s symptoms are fever, muscle and joint pains, skin rashes, and headache but in some cases, when it develops into a life-threatening dengue hemorrhagic fever, the disease leads to bleeding, low blood platelet count, and leakage of blood plasma. It can also develop into a dengue shock syndrome. People with this syndrome end up with a low blood pressure.

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Culprits

Other species of Aedes that can transmit the disease are Aedes polynesiensis, Aedes albopictus, and Aedes sctellaris. A person can acquire the disease even with a single bite from the mosquito but it can also be transmitted through infected blood products and organ donation. In Singapore where dengue is endemic, the risk is at approximately 1.6 to 6 in every 10,000 transfusions. The disease may be severe among babies, children, women, viral load, and those with higher body mass index.

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Transmission

When a mosquito carrying the virus bites a person, the virus with the mosquito’s saliva goes in to the skin, then comes in to white blood cells, and multiplies and moves throughout different body parts. Diagnosis of dengue is usually done clinically especially when the patient possesses the symptoms listed and has underwent physical examination. It has been advised that one may be suspected with the dengue virus if he or she has already developed fever for two weeks or so.


Special Skills in Handling Crises

November 9 was the Emergency Preparedness Day. The day was filled with a lot of activities which was joined by more or less eight hundred residents. The residents were taught how to handle crises. No matter how prepared the government is, at the end of the day you are on your own so it is beneficial if you know survival tips and special skills when it comes to handling crises. This will increase your chances of surviving any disaster. The skills training (like extinguishing a fire or employing CPR), were held at Jalan Kayu Emergency.

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Together with the training, survival kits were also introduced. The survival kits store a checklist that can give residents ideas on the skills, equipments and numbers they need should they encounter emergency situations. That is a big help. Here are some points that you have to consider:

1. Be calm

Experts always remind to be calm and composed. If you panic, your judgment will be clouded and making rash decisions will only make things worse.

2. Make sure other family members are briefed

If you joined a disaster briefing or orientation seminar, you have the responsibility to spread awareness not only in the family but the people around you. Take time to brief your family members or other people so they will know what to do and where to go in case something happens.

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3. Learn how to turn off utilities

Whether it is earthquake or typhoon, you have to make sure that your utilities are turned off to avoid more devastation. Ask other people or experts how to properly turn off your utilities like water, electric and many more.

4. Know your workplace disaster plan

What if a disaster occurs inside the workplace? If you know your workplace’s disaster plan, you can survive but if not, you will surely have troubles finding your way out. Take time to know your workplace disaster plan. It will surely make a difference.

The list will go on. The important thing is you know the basics. Further details will follow. When disaster strikes, you have to remember all your preparations so it will not be in vain.


Animal Training: Can You Do It?

Training animals is not easy but if you really like it, you will find a way. If you want to train your dog, there are many things that you should consider. Though there are no true national certifications here in Singapore (unlike in other countries like the U.S. which has certification council for pet dog trainers), you can still learn the art. But you need hours and hours of training and credits to maintain or keep the certification.

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If you simply want to train your dog and not consider it as a career, you can do animal training (in this case dog training). Here are some tips that you should consider:

  • Read Books: It is important that you gather books or reading materials about dog training or animal behaviour in general. You can research online or go to bookstores and find books about animal behaviour.
  • Learn the Profession: You should learn about the profession. This also involves a lot of reading. These books will bring you to the world of animal training. You can also research online or simply go to bookstores.
  • Volunteer: If you really want to observe the dogs, it is advisable that you volunteer at local dog shelters. Volunteering will help you survey and study dogs. This is good because you can encounter many types of dogs.
  • Visit Dog Training Classes: If you hear about dog training classes nearby, you should go there. You should be interested in science based techniques like reinforcements or commonly called conditioning. You will see actual dog training.

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If you are seriously considering pet training, you should do your best to understand your dog. Understanding the behaviour of your dogs can make a difference.


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