7 Steps to Ace Diabetes Mellitus Management

Singapore has the second highest proportion of diabetics, based on a statement released by the International Diabetic Federation (IDF) in the year 2015. It mostly affects the population aging from 20 to 79 years old. Although most appear lean, Asians have more body fat percentage than their counterparts from the West. This increase in incidence of Diabetes cases could be contributed by the continuing development of the country – as development increases, activity levels decrease. Sedentary lifestyle plus high-calorie diets are specifically pointed out.


Diabetes Mellitus Type II, the most common type of DM, is characterized by the insensitivity of tissues to insulin. As a result, sugar levels in the blood rise. This is influenced by lifestyle factors such as diet, activity, and weight. Familial history could also be a factor.

But since this is greatly influenced by lifestyle, you sure can manage this with lifestyle! So here are 7 steps to help you with the management of diabetes mellitus.


  1. Get a workup. It you think you’re at high risk for diabetes mellitus because of your activity level, diet, weight, family history, or age, go and see a doctor. Your fasting blood sugar levels would confirm if you are at risk or if you have diabetes mellitus. Also, comply with the rest of your scheduled follow-ups.
  2. Avoid sedentary living. Sitting for at least 4 hours straight is already sedentary. Limiting your level of activity in a day could only store up the glucose in your blood. Doing moderately to vigorously intense activities for at least 150 minutes in a week could help lower your risk to high blood sugar and high blood pressure.
  3. Watch your diet. You can check out recipes and research for the glycemic index of what you eat. It’s not necessary that you stop eating carbohydrates because you would really need them too; just make sure to put them in minimum to avoid overload.
  4. Manage your stress. Because of your body’s response, stress can be a contributing factor to diabetes mellitus. Cortisol, a hormone in stress, tends to have a role in increasing blood sugar.
  5. Get a good night’s sleep. Sleeping is one of the most effective measures to relieve stress. It allows your body to recover in preparation for another day.
  6. Join a group. Not only do support groups help you relieve stress, they also help you learn from others who share the same condition. You might want to try out a new recipe or visit a Zumba instructor your friend just referred to you.
  7. Do not skip your medications. Medication compliance is part of your lifestyle as a diabetic. Every medication you take has a specific action to help you manage your blood sugar and keep you from complications.


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